What is Diabeta (Glyburide?
Diabeta is a diabetes medicine and brand named Glyburide, which helps control blood sugar levels if taken by mouth. This medicine is generally prescribed for adults for treating type 2 diabetes, along with proper diabetic diet, exercise, and weight management.
How does Glyburide work?
Diabeta belongs to a large group of anti-diabetic drugs called Sulfonylureas. The pancreas must produce insulin for this medication to work. It lowers blood sugar by stimulating the pancreas to secrete more insulin. It also helps the body use insulin efficiently.
How and when to use Diabeta?
Do not use Diabeta for type 1 diabetes; it is strictly for treating type 2 diabetes. The dose of the drug may vary for different patients. Take diabetes medication during or immediately after a meal. You should always follow your doctor’s advice about taking it.
What is Diabeta dosage?
- Initial Dose: The usual starting dose of Diaßeta as initial therapy is 2.5 to 5 mg daily, administered with breakfast or the first main meal. Those patients who may be more sensitive to hypoglycemic drugs should be started at 1.25 mg daily. Taking medicine with your breakfast or the first main meal of the day is recommended. For a 10mg or greater dose, divide it into two doses. Regularly monitor your blood sugar level. Your doctor may increase the dose in increments of not more than 2.5 mg at a weekly interval, not to exceed 20mg per day. Dosing for children should be made individually by your doctor.
- Transferring from other Medication: If you are shifting from other oral diabetes medicine, you should do it cautiously with your initial daily dose keeping between 2.5mg to 5 mg. When you are changing from an oral diabetic drug other than Chlorpropamide, generally, you don’t have to give any transition period. You may not need any initial priming dose. When transferring from Chlorpropamide, you should take proper care for the first 2 weeks because the remaining Chlorpropamide in your body and the overlapping dose of medicine Diabeta may lower the blood sugar level than usual.
- Transferring from Insulin to Diabeta:
- For insulin dose < 20 units daily –>Diaßeta 2.5 to 5 mg daily dose.
- For insulin dose between 20 and 40 units daily –>Diaßeta 5 mg daily dose.
- For insulin dose > 40 units daily, a transition period is required for conversion to Diaßeta; insulin dosage is decreased by 50%, and Diaßeta 5 mg daily is initiated.
- Missed Dose: If you have a missed dose, take it as soon as possible. If it is time for your next dose, please skip the missed one and continue your regular dosing schedule. Do not take a double dose in a small intervals.
What are Warnings and Precautions of Diabeta?
Along with medication, a proper diabetic diet, exercise, and weight management are crucial to controlling your diabetes. In addition, the blood sugar level can change in many situations, like mental stress or other illnesses. Therefore, your doctor may modify your dose.
If you are skipping a meal or exercising strenuously, drinking alcohol, or taking other anti-diabetic medicine, Diabeta may cause low blood sugar, especially in elderly patients.
Drugs that can interact with this medication are:
- Diuretics (water pills)
- Corticosteroids (such as prednisone)
- ACE inhibitors (a drug used to treat high blood pressure or hypertension)
- Birth control pills
- Certain kinds of cold and allergy drugs
What are Side Effects of Diabeta?
Along with the medicinal effect, every medicine has its side effects. Common adverse effects of Diabeta are :
- Low blood sugar (hypoglycemia)
- Feeling “full”
- Abdominal pain
- Weight gain
- Allergic skin reactions (itchiness, rash, eruption)
- Increased sensibility to light
- Visual disturbances
Possible severe adverse effects are as follows:
- blood disorders (unusual bruising or bleeding)
- liver problem (yellowing of the eyes or skin)
- allergic reaction (difficulty breathing, hives, decreased blood pressure)
- allergic inflammation of blood vessels (vasculitis)
There may be some other possible side effects. Consult your doctor immediately for medical advice about side effects that start to bother you.
Remember that regular physical exercise is crucial to treating diabetes or managing prediabetes, along with your diet planning, weight management, and medications. Because your cells become more responsive to insulin while you are active, your blood glucose, also known as blood sugar, can be lowered more successfully. Take your medications regularly and follow up with your healthcare specialist.
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