What is “Body Weight Management?”
Body weight management enables an individual to live a comfortable, active, and productive life. Body weight management encompasses nutrition, exercise, hormones, mental health, sleep, and other lifestyle interventions. Lifestyle choices like diet and exercise also impact it.
Body Weight Management involves maintaining a healthy weight and Body Mass Index (BMI) by performing regular physical activity and following a balanced diet.
A “healthy weight” is defined as those with a BMI of 18.5 to 24.9. Those who exceed or fall short of that interval are underweight, overweight, or obese, as shown in the table below.
BMI Interpretations for Adults
|18.5–24.9||Healthy Weight (Normal)|
|30.0 and above||Obese|
Type 2 Diabetes and Blood Sugar Levels
Type 2 Diabetes is a condition that affects an individual’s blood sugar level and is caused by either the misuse or inadequate production of insulin in the body, which is the hormone responsible for moving sugar into the cells to be further used for energy.
The body primarily gets its energy from carbohydrates, which it gets after consuming certain types of food. Sugar is a type of carbohydrate, and glucose is a type of sugar present in most foods we eat daily.
Blood glucose is responsible for fuelling the nervous system and different body parts. It is transported in the bloodstream and enters the cells with the help of insulin. Without insulin, the glucose stays in the blood vessels, and the cells cannot produce energy.
BMI and Type 2 Diabetes
The common notion is that Diabetes is a disease that mainly targets the overweight, but this is false. Anyone with any BMI is at risk of Type 2 Diabetes, so why does one have to maintain a healthy weight?
There are multiple benefits to a healthy weight and numerous risk factors for an unhealthy one. Overweight or obese individuals may be affected by multiple health risks, such as decreased life expectancy and cardiovascular problems. In addition, excess weight also promotes insulin resistance.
Studies have also shown that weight loss is attributed to improved glucose control and promotes insulin action within the body. Thus, it is always advisable to maintain a healthy weight, whether you are Diabetic or not.
Maintaining a Healthy Weight
Maintaining a healthy weight involves making different lifestyle changes, like changing your diet and incorporating more physical activity into your day-to-day life. It can even mean managing stress.
A diabetic’s diet is always a critical factor in maintaining a healthy weight. As a person with Diabetes, you may want to cut down on sweets and center your diet on fruits and vegetables, lean protein, whole grains, and low-fat dairy, but make sure to consult your dietitian before making any drastic changes to your diet.
Physical activity doesn’t necessarily mean going to the gym. It can mean doing chores, taking the stairs instead of the elevator, or going on walks and other aerobic exercises.
Stress can also affect body weight. In addition, it can affect different day-to-day processes such as sleep and appetite, so it is always advisable to manage stressors and change certain habits such as alcohol consumption and cigarette smoking.
Body Weight Management and its Impact on Type 2 Diabetics
Body weight management is critical in the treatment of type 2 diabetes. Achieving and maintaining a healthy weight can improve blood sugar control, insulin sensitivity, and overall health in people with type 2 diabetes. The following are the effects of body weight management on type 2 diabetics:
1. Increased Insulin Sensitivity: Excess body weight, particularly abdominal fat, can lead to insulin resistance, a condition in which the cells of the body become less receptive to insulin. Losing weight can enhance insulin sensitivity, allowing the body to use insulin more efficiently, lowering blood sugar levels.
2. Blood Sugar management: Even minor weight loss has been demonstrated to improve blood sugar management in patients with type 2 diabetes. It has the potential to reduce the requirement for diabetic drugs and insulin therapy while also lowering the risk of diabetes-related complications.
3. Cardiovascular Health: Weight control improves cardiovascular health by lowering the risk of heart disease and stroke, both of which are significant consequences of diabetes.
4. Increased Physical exercise: Physical exercise is an important part of weight management and diabetes control. Regular exercise aids in the burning of calories, the improvement of insulin sensitivity, and the maintenance of a healthy weight.
5. Positive Impact on Psychological Well-being: Successful weight control can raise self-confidence and improve general psychological well-being, which can improve diabetes management and medication adherence.
The health and ability to manage type 2 diabetes in people who are overweight or obese is directly related to how well they manage their body weight. Blood sugar control, insulin sensitivity, and cardiovascular health are all improved by keeping to a healthy weight in people with diabetes. Improving insulin sensitivity and lowering blood sugar levels with even moderate weight loss can lessen the requirement for diabetic medicines and insulin therapy. Those at risk (pre-diabetic) for developing type 2 diabetes may lower their risk by maintaining a healthy body weight. To control their weight, people with type 2 diabetes should get frequent exercise and eat healthily and develop weight management strategy. Successful weight management and control of diabetes require patience, tenacity, and regular monitoring of blood sugar levels.